BIOMECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF THE TOTAL HIP PROSTHESIS SUBJECTED TO NORMAL GAIT CYCLE LOAD: IDENTIFICATION OF THE DAMAGE IN THE CEMENT MANTLE
Mohammed El Sallah Zagane, Ali Benouis, Abdelmadjid Moulgada, Nourredine Djebbar, Abderrahmane Sahli (DOI: 10.24874/jsscm.2020.14.02.02)
Cement is the weakest link in the composition of total hip prosthesis in terms of mechanical properties. The knowledge of the intensity and distribution of stresses on the cement attaching the implant to the bone is of great importance for understanding the condition of the prosthesis and its failure. In this study, the finite element method is used to analyze the magnitude and the equivalent Von Mises stress distribution induced in different components of the total hip prosthesis (THP) as well as the identification of the damage induced in the cement and between two cavities located in the polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). The crack propagation is determined and localized using the extended element method (XFEM). The results show that the fracture stress of the cement in its proximal part is very important. These stresses increase considerably with the interaction of the cavities in this binder, causing damage to the cement and the loosening of the prosthesis.