RESIDUAL FATIGUE LIFE ESTIMATION OF CRACKED AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS UNDER LOAD SPECTRUM
Katarina Maksimovic, Slobodanka Boljanovic, Mina Djuric, Ivana Vasovic Maksimovic, Mirko Maksimovic (DOI: 10.24874/jsscm.2019.13.02.01)
This work deals with fatigue behaviour of cracked aircraft structural components under cyclic loads of constant amplitudes and load spectrum. This investigation is focused on developing efficient and reliable computation methods for fatigue life estimation of cracked aircraft lugs under cyclic loads of constant amplitude and load spectrum. For crack growth analyses and residual lives of damaged lugs two approaches are used: the Strain Energy Density (SED) method and the conventional Forman`s method. A special attention has been focused on the determination of the fracture mechanics parameters of structural components such as stress intensity factors of aircraft cracked lugs. The effects of the shape of lug surface cracks on the residual fatigue life are investigated as well. The SED method uses the low-cycle fatigue (LCF) properties of the material, which are also used for the lifetime evaluation until the occurrence of final failure. Therefore, the experimentally obtained dynamic properties of the material such as Forman`s constants are not required when this approach is concerned. The complete computational procedure for the crack propagation analysis using low-cycle fatigue material properties is illustrated with the cracked structural elements. To determine analytic expressions for stress intensity factors (SIF), singular finite elements are used. The results of the numerical simulations for crack propagation based on the strain energy density method have been compared with the authors’ experimental results.